functions of the vibrissae in the behavior of the white rat ...

  • 81 Pages
  • 2.40 MB
  • 7387 Downloads
  • English
by , [Cambridge, Mass
Rats -- Beha
Other titlesVibrissae.
Statementby Stella Burnham Vincent ...
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQL737.R6 V5
The Physical Object
Pagination81 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6554182M
LC Control Number13002120

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Whiskers (vibrissae) are a characteristic found on many mammals. Rat whiskers play a very important role in sensing its surroundings, particularly in sensing the position, shape, size and surfaces. A wide range of suggested functions found in the literature include food acquisition prey attack, aggression and attack behavior, facial expression in intraspecies communications, dispersion of pheromones, maintaining head position in swimming, and a wide range of environmental monitoring (e.

g., current detection in water, wind direction on land). Abstract. Tactile hair, or vibrissae, are a mammalian characteristic found on many mammals (Ahl, Veterinary Research Communications 10(4): – ).Vibrissae differ from ordinary (pelagic) hair by being longer and thicker, having large follicles containing blood-filled sinus tissues, and by having an identifiable representation in the somatosensory cortex.

Functions of each part of a rat dissected in AP Biology Rat Dissection: Functions study guide by kathryn_smiith includes 99 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.

Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Vincent SB () The functions of the vibrissae in the behavior of the white rat. Behavior Monographs – Vincent SB () The tactile hair of the white rat.

The functions of the stomach include food storage, physical breakdown of food, and the digestion of protein. The outer margin of the curved stomach is called the greater curvature, the inner margin is called the lesser curvature. You can make a slit in the stomach and see what is inside it.

Most of the functions of the vibrissae in the behavior of the white rat. book should be partly digested rat food. Author(s): Vincent,Stella Burnham Title(s): The function of the vibrissae in the behavior of the white rat. Country of Publication: United States Publisher: Cambridge [Mass.] Holt [] Description: 81 p.

ill. Language: English Notes: "Contributions from the Psychological Laboratory of the University of Chicago." NLM ID: R[Book].

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White Rat book. Read 5 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The author recounts his career as a player, scout, and manager, and shares /5(5).

The laws of animal behavior have been revised and revealed through research performed by zoologists, physiologists and experimental psychologists. Each has contributed much.

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Their main meeting ground has been the study of mammals, especially rats. This classic book is unique in bringing together the principal conclusions of these researchers in a compact, well illustrated, and lucid The vibrissae are shaped as round, tapered beams. Videographs of the vibrissae as rats whisk clearly show that the vibrissae flex as a consequence of the muscular forces that propel them forward at their base as well as the forces that act on contact (Figure 1 (b)).

Vincent SB () The function of the vibrissae in the behavior of the white rat. Behav Monogr 1: 4–81 Google Scholar Vincent SB () The tactile hair of the white rat. Vibrissae Evoked Forelimb Placing. The vibrissae-evoked forelimb placing test (also known as the paw whisker test) is useful for assessing asymmetry in the sensorimotor cortex and striatum.

The experimenter holds the animal so that all four limbs hang freely. The vibrissae are stimulated by brushing each side against the edge of a table. BibTeX @MISC{Vaziri_flexibleprobes, author = {A. Vaziri and R. Jenks and A. Boloori and G.

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Stanley}, title = {Flexible probes for characterizing surface topology: from biology to technology. Exp Mech –, Vincent SB. The function of the vibrissae in the behavior of the white rat. Observation of terrestrial mammals suggests that they can follow the wind (anemotaxis), but the sensory cues underlying this ability have not been studied.

We identify a significant contribution to anemotaxis mediated by whiskers (vibrissae), a modality previously studied only in the context of direct tactile contact. Five rats trained on a five-alternative forced-choice airflow localization.

Reviews the book, The Prenatal Origin of Behavior by Davenport Hooker (). The function of vibrissae in the behavior of the white rat. Article. Nov Its function is to derive head.

notes for the rat practicum Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. vibrissae. allows the rat to detect the sides of small passageways in darkness; allows the rat to keep close to walls and other obstacles probably immune functions in helping the rat destroy bacteria.

pancreas. adds digestive enzymes to food in duodenum. INTRODUCTION. Over the past few decades, the rat’s set of mystacial vibrissae (whiskers) has become prototypic for exploring links between synaptic circuits and behavior (Fig.

1, A and B) ().This interest emerged when Woolsey and van der Loos described, inthe curious and remarkable one-to-one somatotopic mapping between the linearly arranged whiskers on a mouse’s cheek and the.

A white incandescent illuminator (Dolan Jenner) provided lighting in a pseudo-darkfield arrangement that made vibrissae appear bright on dark frames. For in vivo measurements we used a pcohs (Cooke Corporation) high speed video camera. Illumination came from a Strobe LED (AOS), a grid of high-power infrared (~ nm peak wavelength) LEDs.

Sensory function aside, movements of the vibrissae may also indicate something of the state of mind of the animal, and the whiskers play a role in social behaviour of rats. [25] The sensory function of vibrissae is an active research area—experiments to establish the capabilities of whiskers use a variety of techniques, including temporary.

The body vibrissae of manatees may help to detect the movements of other animals, water currents, tidal flows and changes in the contours of the seabed in their shallow-water environment. Whiskers are also important in indicating an animal’s state of mind, and play a role in various social behaviours.

This book contains a wide range of information of huge complexity on rat behavior. The book has three objectives. The first objective is to present an introduction of rat behavior. Strains were developed to study neuroanatomy, nutrition, endocrinology, genetics and behavior.

The rat has short hair, a long naked tail, rounded erect ears, protruding eyes, a pointed snout with long whisker (vibrissae) and five toes on each foot. Albino rats have poor eyesight and depend on facial vibrissae and olfaction for sensory input.

This book contains a wide range of information of huge complexity on rat behavior. The book has three objectives. The first objective is to present an introduction of rat behavior.

In choosing the rat as the subject species, the book has made the assumption that this species will remain, as it has in the past, the primary subject used the laboratory investigations of behavior.

Vincent, S. () Function of the vibrissae in the behavior of the white rat. Behavior Monographs 1:No. von Frisch, K. () The dance language and orientation of bees. B) Each NMR has ten rows of body vibrissae. The schematic indicates the placement of body vibrissae on one example animal.

There are two rows of body vibrissae on the dorsal surface, two rows on the ventral surface, and three rows on each side (left side is shown here); Reprinted from Crish et al., with permission from S. Karger AG, Basel.

A cat's whiskers what do they do besides tickle our faces in the middle of the night? Known also as vibrissae or tactile hairs, the whiskers serve several functions and are highly sensitive. Thicker than the cat's normal hair, the whiskers are really touch receptors that are rooted more deeply than normal hairs and are rich in nerve endings.Vincent SB.

The function of the vibrissae in the behavior of the white rat. Behav Monogr. ; – Weiss DS, Keller A. Specific patterns of intrinsic connections between representation zones in the rat motor cortex.

Cereb Cortex. ; – Welker WI. Analysis of sniffing of the albino rat. Behavior. ; –Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, Analysis of recovery from behavioural asymmetries induced by unilateral removal of vibrissae in the rat.

Behavioural Neuroscience, The function of the vibrissae in the behaviour in the white rat. Behavioural Monographs, 1, 1.